for the offline
internet, as a viable commercial medium, is about 15 years
old. Even if there were no copyright laws, a decade is not
sufficient to scan a thousand years of paper-based books,
manuscripts, maps, etc.,
in the world's libraries and museums. So how do you figure
when it isn't digitized and optimized for search engines?
WorldCat to the rescue. The database lists 1 billion items
is scanning the shelves of participating
libraries. If the
copyright is expired, you'll get the full text of the book.
Otherwise, you get snippets or short excerpts. You can search
a name or place or phrase and it shows books that contain your search
Archive is the nonprofit
alternative to Google Books.
also scanning books in library collections. Once you open a
you can search inside it. Another nice feature is
that all books at Internet Archive are full-text and you can select a
turns pages just like you would with a book in hand.
|So how do you find out
being digitized and scanned online in libraries and repositories around
the world if Google and Archive.org haven't done it? Oaister
search engine devoted to digital
projects, including pictures, text, video, and more. It
thousands of online collections.
York State Newspaper
Project offers a reliable way
to figure out which local
and who owns them. Pre-computer newspapers are still found
microfilm. Click on the county where the newspaper was
to see libraries who own it. Newspaper microfilms can be
loan, a service available at
your local public library.
Library Digital Collections offer 18th
19th century historical materials from many
subject areas, including the Revolutionary War, the Civil
American materials, New York State laws and natural history. While
books make up the core collection, Digital Collections also include
primary source materials such as letters, diaries and rare manuscripts
as well as historic photographs, illustrations, maps, broadsides,
drawings and music scores.
York Times has
digitized all of its issues back to the day one (1851) and
those archives are searchable online. Most articles are free
celebrity articles usually cost a few dollars. We love
the NYT because it used to give a lot of coverage to Buffalo
and we have no comparable online archives of Buffalo
newspapers. Be sure to change
drop-down menu to 1851-1980.
scanned newspapers from upstate & western New York, but it also
flaws: a lot of uncorrected OCR
and no ability to browse through an issue
of a newspaper. Plus, if the page you open lacks a masthead
has an illegible masthead, you have no way of knowing the date it was
Inventories Catalog offers
one searchable database
of the paintings, drawings, prints, photographs, sculptures, and other
artworks in America's
access to records from a
small selection of historic databases created by the federal government
and preserved permanently in the National
Records Administration, plus
catalogs of the records that are not digitized.
is one-stop searching for multiple, reputable used/rare/out-of-print
booksellers. Find that old book without having to search a dozen or
more online dealers.