Buffalo Maps

Buffalo in 1838, by David Burr,
courtesy of the New York Public Library

In case it isn’t clear, we don’t own any old maps. We watch for when map owners digitize and upload theirs, then we add links. Links to commercial sites should not be considered endorsements.

Date RangeName & LinkDescription
UndatedStreet Name Changes in BuffaloThere were a lot of street name changes around the turn of the 20th century. A list courtesy of the Buffalo & Erie County Public Library.
1785-1835Holland Land CompanyOver 1300 full color, hand-drawn maps online here of Buffalo, Erie County, and all of Western New York. Courtesy of SUNY/Fredonia.
1800Plan of New Amsterdam on Lake EriePossibly the first map ever drawn of what later became Buffalo
1800Plan of the Village of New AmsterdamAnother rendering of what became Buffalo
1802Original Land Subdivisions in BuffaloA black & white map showing the names and outlines of large tracts of land in early Buffalo, including the Buffalo Creek reservation
1802Original Land Subdivisions in BuffaloThis map, produced in 1901, takes the tract boundaries shown in the map above and superimposes modern-day city streets over them. Shows the original boundaries of Black Rock.
1804Proposed Plan of Black RockProposed plan of the village at Black Rock
1804?Village of New AmsterdamA color version of Joseph Ellicott’s map
1804Village of New AmsterdamAs designed by Joseph Ellicott, before the name Buffalo stuck
ca. 1805Village of BuffaloThe inner lots, essentially the Niagara Square/Main Street portion of downtown Buffalo
ca. 1805Village of BuffaloCourtesy of the New York State Archives
ca. 1810Village of Black Rock Prior to War of 1812Includes the location of the actual black rock
1813Village of Black RockPeter Porter’s hand-drawn map showing location of major buildings and the location of the original black rock on the left edge of the image
1813Buffalo VillageShows buildings and some land owners prior to the burning of Buffalo
1813Map of Burned BuffaloA diagram of the tiny village of Buffalo that was burned during the War of 1812. Includes buildings.
1814Niagara RiverShows “Buffaloe Creek” and Black Rock
1822Plan of Inner Lots, 206-214On the Buffalo Creek
1826Plan for Locating Public Lands on the Margin of Black Rock HarborCourtesy of the New York State Archives
1827South Village of Black RockCourtesy of the New York State Archives
1829Black RockPart of the Niagara River and plan of the proposed harbor at Black Rock
1829Niagara RiverShows Unity (formerly Squaw) Island and harbor at Black Rock
1830s-1864Underground RailroadA modern Google map by this webmaster showing Underground Railroad sites in Buffalo, according to period sources
1834Erie Canal SurveysMaps of the Erie Canal from Buffalo to Royalton, brought to you by the New York State Archives
1835Black Rock Southwest of Fort Porter. Courtesy of the New York State Archives
1836Village of Black RockCourtesy of the New York State Archives
1836BuffaloShows ward boundaries for the 1840 and 1850 censuses. By W.B. Gilbert.  
1838BuffaloAn interesting negative (white on black background) map of the downtown area
ca. 1840?Niagara RiverShows proposed bridge crossings and ship canal at Buffalo
1841Buffalo Creek ReservationA basic outline map showing the changing boundaries of the Seneca territory
1842Buffalo Creek ReservationShows part of the reservation territory north of the Buffalo River
1846Black Rock VillageShows the lots along the Niagara River south of Albany Street. Courtesy of the New York State Archives
1849BuffaloIncludes ward boundaries for the 1840 & 1850 censuses. Look for numbers 1-5 and subtle dotted lines
1851Buffalo Shows lot lines, lot numbers, acreages, and street names. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.
1853Buffalo HarborA bird’s eye view of the foot of Main Street
1854Buffalo HarborShows the breakwater and water depths
1854Quackenboss & Kennedy AtlasDowntown Buffalo only. Courtesy of The Buffalo History Museum.
1855BuffaloOddly printed with the Niagara River flowing east-west, but shows ward boundaries
1855-1890Ward Map of Buffalo for Census Years 1855-1890Title is self-explanatory
Ca. 1860State Land in BuffaloNiagara River from York to Ferry Streets, including Fort Porter. Courtesy of the New York State Archives
1863Bird’s Eye View of the City of BuffaloPhotos of an enormous map in the “Neighbors”  exhibit at The Buffalo History Museum. Shows individual buildings.
1866BuffaloFrom the Stone & Stewart Atlas of Erie County.  Shows some buildings as tiny black squares or undifferentiated blocks. 
1866BuffaloSame as above, only this version is available as a reprint
1866BuffaloFrom the Stone & Stewart Atlas of Erie County. This site sells reproductions of the plates.
1866Buffalo RiverShows Buffalo River with an overlay of a modern aerial photograph
ca. 1870Buffalo Psychiatric Center, Plan of GroundsAs designed by Olmsted & Vaux for what we now call the Richardson complex
ca. 1870Delaware ParkCourtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1870-1899Front Park39 drawings & plans. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1872New York State Asylum for the InsaneNow called the Richardson-Olmsted complex. 25 plans & drawings. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1872Cornelius CreekThe now-buried stream is shown with an overlay of a modern aerial photo
1872Hopkins Atlas of BuffaloThis is the first atlas to show footprints of buildings for the entire city of Buffalo. Courtesy of the NY Public Library.
1872Hopkins Atlas of BuffaloThis site sells reproductions of the plates. 
1874North Street CircleNow Symphony Circle. 4 plans & drawings. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
ca. 1875Improvement of Batavia StreetNow Broadway at Lafayette Square. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
ca. 1875Lafayette Square2 drawings. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
ca. 1875Parkside neighborhood37 plans & drawings. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1876Prospect PlaceCourtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1876Refectory at the ParadeNow Martin Luther King Park. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1878-1879Delaware Park10 drawings & plans. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1880Buffalo Ward MapShows names of large landowners. Reproduced from the Beers Atlas of Erie County. Courtesy of the NY Public Library.
1880Buffalo ParksA schematic map showing the street grid but not street names, with the Olmsted park system in contrasting black
1880Bird’s Eye View of BuffaloAn artist’s conception showing downtown in the foreground
1881Olmsted’s Sketch map of BuffaloBuffalo’s park system as planned by Olmsted
1882Buffalo Harbor and Head of Niagara RiverFrom House Document 72, 55th Congress, 1st Session
1883-1887Terrace Park5 plans & drawings. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1884Trunk Sewer Line in BuffaloMap showing new underground sewer system
1884Western Terminus of the Erie CanalThe Canal District with a modern aerial photograph superimposed on it
1887Bennett Park5 plans & drawings. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1887Day’s Park3 plans & drawings. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1887Masten Place5 plans & drawings. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1887-1895South Park114 plans & drawings. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1888All Roads Will Lead to Buffalo in SeptemberBIrd’s eye view to promote the International Industrial Fair
1889City of BuffaloStreet map by Rand McNally
1890s-1940sSanborn MapsShow individual buildings. Multiple volumes are now online courtesy of the Library of Congress.
1891Addition to the Front4 drawings & plans. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1891City of BuffaloFrom Atlas of the World
1891City of Buffalo atlasThe entire G.M. Hopkins atlas. Shows individual buildings.
1892City of BuffaloFrom The Indexed Atlas of the World
1892-1896Cazenovia Park13 drawings & plans. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1893Niagara Falls, North Tonawanda, and Buffalo atlasThe entire atlas by G.M. Hopkins. Shows individual buildings. Images are zoomable and can be purchased as reproductions.
1893City of BuffaloThe Buffalo map from the G.M. Hopkins Niagara Falls, North Tonawanda, and Buffalo atlas. Shows ward boundaries. Can be purchased as a reproduction.
1893Christian Homestead Association MapThis is the notorious “brothel map” of Buffalo’s Canal District. Courtesy of the Buffalo & Erie County Public Library.
1894City of Buffalo AtlasAll 3 volumes are online, courtesy of the County of Erie. Each volume has a clickable map to open the matching page in the atlas. Shows individual buildings.
1894City of BuffaloShows ward boundaries
1894-1899Jones TractNow called Riverside Park. 19 plans & drawings. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1895Buffalo Ward MapFull color sheet map published by Joseph Rudolph Bien. Courtesy of David Rumsey.
1895Buffalo Ward MapSame as above, brought to you by Historic Maps Restored. Available as a reprint.
1895BuffaloBy Rand McNally & Company
1895Borings for Natural Gas in the City of BuffaloFrom the New York State Museum 49th Annual Report of 1895
1896BuffaloFrom Cram’s Universal Atlas Geographical, Astronomical and Historical
1897BuffaloFrom a Rand McNally’s Atlas of the World
1897-1902Delaware Park49 plans & drawings. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1897Good Roads, Buffalo SectionA bicycling guidebook with maps
1898BuffaloFrom Cram’s Universal Atlas, Geographical, Astronomical and Historical
1898Main Portion of BuffaloFrom Rand McNally and Company
1900City of BuffaloFrom Universal Atlas of the World
1900City of BuffaloAnother copy from Universal Atlas of the World
1900Lake Erie Entrance to Black Rock Harbor and Erie BasinFrom U.S. House of Representatives, 56th Congress, 1st Session, Doc. No. 143
1901BuffaloFrom Rand McNally’s Enlarged Business Atlas and Shippers Guide
1901BuffaloAnother map from Rand McNally, fully zoomable 
1901Buffalo Church MapA 1901 map recreated as a Google Map. Churches are color-coded by denomination, some with pictures. Courtesy of The Buffalo History Museum.
1901New Map of the City of BuffaloShows the Pan American Exposition grounds in relation to the rest of the city. By George Cram.
1901New Map of the City of BuffaloSame as above, courtesy of the Boston Public Library.
1901Pan-American Exposition GroundsA large-scale, detailed black & while map
1901Pan-American Exposition GroundsA rendering in black, white, and red
1901Pan-American Exposition GroundsAnother color rendering
1901Pan-American Exposition GroundsA bird’s eye view in full color
1901 & laterPan-American Exposition Grounds and Neighborhood OverlayShows the Pan Am grounds with an overlay of the streets that were built there after the Exposition
1901 & laterPan-American Exposition Then and NowShows the Pan Am grounds with an overlay of the streets that were built there after the Exposition, courtesy of the Buffalo History Museum. The Temple of Music and the New York State Building are highlighted in yellow.
1901 & 19261926 Aerial Photo Superimposed on the Map of the Pan-American ExpositionA cool animation that shows a small section of the Exposition map morphing into an aerial photograph from 1926
1901 & 2007Pan-American ExpositionA map of the grounds superimposed on a modern aerial photograph
1901-1999Black Businesses in 20th Century BuffaloA Google map of Black-owned businesses in mid-20th century Buffalo. Compiled by The Buffalo History  Museum in 2020.
1902Bird’s Eye View of BuffaloZoom in and see individual buildings! Expect artistic shortcuts–the artist couldn’t go and sketch every single factory, house, and shed. But still impressive.
1905City of BuffaloFrom Enlarged Business Atlas and Shippers Guide
ca. 1905Humboldt Park/Martin Luther King Park18 plans & drawings. As designed by Frederick Law Olmsted. Courtesy of the Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site.
1906Geological Map of Buffalo“Typical geologic map with fine detail including details of Buffalo city proper and cross section printed perpendicular to map along edge.”
1907BuffaloFrom Cram’s Standard American Atlas
1907BuffaloFrom Dodd, Mead & Co.’s International Encyclopedia
1909BuffaloAnother version from Baedeker’s Guide
1909Buffalo Ward MapFrom the Century Atlas of Erie County
1911BuffaloFrom Rand McNally’s Indexed Atlas
1912BuffaloFrom The Library Atlas of the World
1912BuffaloFrom The Rand McNally Imperial Atlas of the World
1914Buffalo River AreaShows the downtown and South Buffalo area from roughly Tupper Street to the Buffalo River
1915New Century Atlas, vol. 1Covers Buffalo downtown and north of downtown, shows individual buildings & names of some land owners
1915New Century Atlas, vol. 1Same as above, courtesy of the NY Public Library
1915New Century Atlas, vol. 2Covers Buffalo south of downtown, shows individual buildings & names of some land owners
1915New Century Atlas, vol.2Same as above, courtesy of the NY Public Library
1916BuffaloIn two sections. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.
1916Up-to-Date Map of BuffaloBy Matthews-Northrup, courtesy of the Boston Public Library
1917BuffaloA street map produced for the 1917 Buffalo city directory. Courtesy of the NY State Archives. You may need to disable your pop-up blocker.
1916BuffaloFrom the Commercial Atlas of America
ca. 1920Railroad Map of BuffaloShows “pre-merger” railroad lines along the Niagara River and in Buffalo
1920Extension of City LimitsShows how the city expanded over time
1920-1923Prohibition Raids in Buffalo & Erie CountyA Google map with 650 addresses. Courtesy of The Buffalo History Museum, compiled in 2019
1921BuffaloFrom Gazetteer of Cities and Towns of the World
1922Plan of BuffaloVery few street names are shown, but parks and major traffic routes are color-coded.  
1925BuffaloFrom the Commercial Atlas of America
1925Plan of Elevators, Mills, Warehouses, Yards and Docks of the Washburn-Crosby Company and Frontier Elevator & Mill Co.A black & white rendering of grain elevators courtesy of the Library of Congress
1927 to the presentBuffalo: World Capital of Drivers Hitting BuildingsAdded for sheer silliness.
1920s-1950sBuffalo Movie TheatersHand drawn by Carl Zoschke
1932Buffalo Property ValuesColor-coded. By Curtis Pub. Co.
1935Buffalo Municipal Housing AuthorityMaps of the spatial distribution of ethnic & immigrant groups; population density; crime, juvenile delinquency, venereal disease; and other social conditions. Includes a ward map. Courtesy of The Buffalo History Museum.
1935International Railway Co. Street Car and Bus RoutesShows trolley and bus routes in Buffalo
1935-1940Redlining Map of BuffaloScan, shape file, and neighborhood narratives are downloadable here
1938Buffalo Police PrecinctsTitle is self-explanatory.
1940BuffaloScanned in four sections
1945-1970Buffalo Jazz Clubs, 1945-1970A Google Map courtesy of The Buffalo History Museum, compiled in 2012
1950Downtown BuffaloShows the property owners in downtown Buffalo just before the advent of Urban Removal and surface parking blight
1950Historic USGS MapsFocuses on railroads in Buffalo
1950sNew York Central Trackage in, BuffaloIncludes the New York Central Terminal
1982Buffalo, New York and Vicinity Railroads & IndustriesVery detailed
1984Buffalo Central TerminalSanborn maps of the entire complex
1984Bethlehem SteelMaps of the complex in Lackawanna
1987Buffalo Zoning MapIn four sections and in black & white. Courtesy of the University at Buffalo. Now out of date.
2000Average Housing Age DistributionShows age of Buffalo houses based on census figures but does not make distinctions among houses older than 50 years, which is most of the city
2003Downtown Buffalo Parking Lots and RampsContrary to the popular imagination, there is so much parking downtown that there is little to do BUT park. Scroll down for map.
2004Broadway-Fillmore NeighborhoodShows house lots but not buildings.  A PDF.
2004Triangle NeighborhoodSouth Park-Abbott Rd area in South Buffalo. Shows house lots but not buildings.  A PDF.
2010Buffalo Neighborhood MapCourtesy of the University at Buffalo
2011Buffalo Common Council DistrictsA PDF
2015?Buffalo High SchoolsA Google map courtesy of the Buffalo & Erie County Public Library
2016Grover Cleveland SitesA Google map of places in Buffalo where Grover Cleveland lived, worked, and spent leisure time. Courtesy of The Buffalo History Museum.
2017Buffalo Grain ElevatorsA Google map of grain elevators, past and present. Courtesy of The Buffalo History Museum.
2017Historic MarkersA Google map of historic markers in Buffalo and Erie County. Courtesy of The Buffalo History Museum.
2017Local Landmarks & HIstoric DistrictsA very detailed PDF courtesy of Preservation Buffalo Niagara.
2018Buffalo Drinking MapA Google map of breweries, distilleries, wineries, malt houses, and cider houses, past and present, in Buffalo and Erie County. Courtesy of The Buffalo History Museum.
2018Landmarks & Historic DistrictsA color-coded PDF showing if your address is in a designated landmark district. Courtesy of Preservation Buffalo Niagara.
2018 to presentLittle LibrariesUnofficial Google map of Little Libraries (LLs) in Buffalo & Erie County. Most are not registered & don’t appear on the official Little Free Library map. Locations are color-coded by city & town.
2019Women’s HistoryA Google map of sites in Buffalo & Erie County associated with women. Courtesy of The Buffalo History Museum.
2020Erie County CemeteriesA Google map of cemeteries & burial grounds in Buffalo and Erie County, past and present. Courtesy of The Buffalo History Museum.
2020African-American Churches in BuffaloA Google map courtesy of the Buffalo & Erie County Public Library

Since you read this far, here’s an appreciation of Buffalo’s cartographers (mapmakers).

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